Plants ? Research ? Agriculture ? Meals.

Examples with the use of enzymes in the production and processing of meals.

The majority of the enzymes implemented are now produced with genetically modified microorganisms. One can find hardly any other preparations on the industry.

Bread and baked goods.

Improved dough properties and processability, no long increasing times, baking process extra controllable, couple of deviations in production Crust stability, intense colour, volume, uniform density, shelf life, freeze-thaw stability, particularly for frozen dough and baked goods, pumpability, as an example in waffles Precursor for the possibly carcinogenic acrylamide.

Marzipan and fillings: Prevention of crystallization. Subsequent liquefaction of praline fillings. Splitting of milk sugar: Improvement with the consistency of ice cream and chocolate products.

Starch saccharification.

Conversion of vegetable starches into numerous sugars Production of glucose syrup along with other meals ingredients (e.g. Grape sugar, sugar substitutes, particular starches)

Coagulation of milk as the initially stage of cheese production. Extraction of whey and whey goods. Manage and intensification of aroma formation during auto summarize maturation.

Milk and milkproducts.

Splitting of milk sugar (lactose): intensification of the milk’s own sweetness, products for lactose-sensitive folks http://www.bu.edu/gwise/ control and intensification of aroma formation during fermentation processes in fat-free yogurts: improvement of texture and water retention capacity, simulating the sensation of fat.

Egg Merchandise, Dressings.

Preservation, longer shelf life Avoiding discoloration.

Meat and sausages.

Improvement with the tenderness and aroma of meat merchandise (comparable processes take location naturally when the meat is? Hanging off? ) Accelerated ripening Higher firmness Separation of leftover meat from the bone (for further processing in sausage items) Improvement with the texture of cooked sausages Joining distinctive pieces of meat, for instance in cooked ham (? Enzymatic gluing “)

Less sticking to pasta that has been cooked for any lengthy time, enhanced colour stability and consistency during cooking, less oil absorption.

Modification of meals ingredients.

“Transesterification” of fatty acids into fats (e.g. For baby food) Refinement of fats (e.g. For cocoa butter substitutes) Improved consistency of spreadable fats Alter within the fatty acid spectrum (e.g. Saturated / unsaturated fatty paraphrasinguk.com acids)

Manufacture of a number of modified starches and unique starches Fat substitutes primarily based on starch Regulation of dough’s capability to bind water, optimization of frozen dough Manufacture of dextrins (e.g. Carriers for flavors)

Optimization of technological properties like whipping volume, foam stability, viscosity; as an example with creams and desserts, also when replacing animal proteins with vegetable proteins (e.g. Milk imitations) production of soy sauce and seasoning.

Extraction of aromatic substances (specially cheese aromas, butter aromas) Production of aromas from vegetable or animal protein (e.g. Seasoning, roast or meat aromas) Extraction of citrus aromas or essences from peel (e.g. For lemonades)

Colour extracts.

Production of color extracts and coloring foods from plants.

Last update: December 20, 2012.

Subjects.

EFSA: What are enzymes? (English, German subtitles)

Genetic engineering? In our food? Practically nothing of this can be seen when buying. You can find practically no products? With genetic engineering? In Germany. On the other hand, a number of applications of genetic engineering are possible below the labeling threshold.

Vanilla flavor is everywhere. Only a fraction (about one percent) of what tastes like vanilla comes from actual vanilla – the fermented and ground pods of vanilla, an orchid plant. It doesn’t function without the need of vanillin. In the past, this key component on the vanilla aroma was produced chemically and synthetically, but now it is biotechnologically made from a variety of organic raw components. Considering that 2014 – a minimum of inside the USA – vanillin from a completely new manufacturing course of action has been around the market place: Together with the help of synthetic biology, the plant’s metabolic pathway top towards the aroma of vanilla has been constructed into yeast. They are now considered to become “genetically modified”, however the vanillin made within this way will not have to be specially declared in either the USA or Europe.