Plants ? Investigation ? Agriculture ? Meals.

Examples on the use of enzymes in the production and processing of meals.

Most of the enzymes used are now created with genetically modified microorganisms. You can get hardly any other preparations on the marketplace.

Bread and baked goods.

Enhanced dough properties and processability, no lengthy increasing occasions, baking approach additional controllable, few deviations in production Crust stability, intense colour, volume, uniform density, shelf life, freeze-thaw stability, specially for frozen dough and baked goods, pumpability, for instance in waffles Precursor for the possibly carcinogenic acrylamide.

Marzipan and fillings: Prevention of crystallization. Subsequent dental comprehensive exam liquefaction of praline fillings. Splitting of milk sugar: Improvement in the consistency of ice cream and chocolate products.

Starch saccharification.

Conversion of vegetable starches into completely different sugars Production of glucose syrup as well as other food components (e.g. Grape sugar, sugar substitutes, unique starches)

Coagulation of milk as the very first stage of cheese production. Extraction of whey and whey items. Handle and intensification of aroma formation in the course of maturation.

Milk and milkproducts.

Splitting of milk sugar (lactose): intensification from the milk’s personal sweetness, goods for lactose-sensitive people today handle and intensification of aroma formation for the duration of fermentation processes in fat-free yogurts: improvement of texture and water retention capacity, simulating the sensation of fat.

Egg Products, Dressings.

Preservation, longer shelf life Avoiding discoloration.

Meat and sausages.

Improvement of the tenderness and aroma of meat solutions (similar processes take location naturally when the meat is? Hanging off? ) Accelerated ripening Greater firmness Separation of leftover meat in the bone (for further processing in sausage items) Improvement of your texture of cooked sausages Joining several pieces of meat, as an example in cooked ham (? Enzymatic gluing “)

Significantly less sticking to pasta that has been cooked to get a extended time, improved color stability and consistency in the course of cooking, significantly less oil absorption.

Modification of food components.

“Transesterification” of fatty acids into fats (e.g. For baby meals) Refinement of fats (e.g. For cocoa butter substitutes) Enhanced consistency of spreadable fats Adjust inside the fatty acid spectrum (e.g. Saturated / unsaturated fatty acids)

Manufacture of diverse modified starches and specific starches Fat substitutes primarily based on starch Regulation of dough’s potential to bind water, optimization of frozen dough Manufacture of dextrins (e.g. Carriers for flavors)

Optimization of technological properties that include whipping volume, foam stability, viscosity; one example is with creams and desserts, also when replacing animal proteins with vegetable proteins (e.g. Milk imitations) production of soy sauce and seasoning.

Extraction of aromatic substances (specifically cheese aromas, butter aromas) Production of aromas from vegetable or animal protein (e.g. Seasoning, roast or meat aromas) Extraction of citrus aromas or essences from peel (e.g. For lemonades)

Colour extracts.

Production of colour extracts and coloring foods from plants.

Last update: December 20, 2012.


EFSA: What are enzymes? (English, German subtitles)

Genetic /pass-preliminary-exam/ engineering? In our meals? Nothing of this can be seen when shopping. One can find virtually no merchandise? With genetic engineering? In Germany. However, a number of applications of genetic engineering are doable below the labeling threshold.

Vanilla flavor is everywhere. Only a fraction (about one %) of what tastes like vanilla comes from actual vanilla – the fermented and ground pods of vanilla, an orchid plant. It does not work devoid of vanillin. Previously, this important element of your vanilla aroma was developed chemically and synthetically, but now it’s biotechnologically created from different organic raw supplies. Considering the fact that 2014 – a minimum of in the USA – vanillin from a entirely new manufacturing approach has been on the market: With all the help of synthetic biology, the plant’s metabolic pathway top towards the aroma of vanilla has been built into yeast. They are now deemed to be “genetically modified”, however the vanillin produced in this way does not need to be specially declared in either the USA or Europe.